Wednesday, October 7, 2015

Pharmacy : Career Options

After studying so much the main questions in the mind of everyone is what now what after I have completed my desired course of study. Same is the case with us who are in the pharmaceutical field, after completion of our degree or diploma we just keep on thinking which would be a better or great career to choose and start to have a bright future ahead.
So in this post I will try to summarize the relevant career paths available after degree/diploma/higher degree and hope it will be enough to guide you through to achieve what you aim for in future. I will be listing the careers whatever is relevant after degree or diploma in the options mentioned in the lower courses can also be taken by the higher degree professionals.
After D.Pharma
·      Business development executive - marketing representative, MR, executive, sales personnel and many more names are available all are same and comprise of making sales and increasing the market share of the pharmaceutical company. The job comprises sales through one on one channels, direct or indirect sales, etc.
·     Pharmacist – also known as chemists (Commonwealth English) or druggists (North American and, archaically, Commonwealth English), are healthcare professionals who practice in pharmacy, the field of health sciences focusing on safe and effective medication use. Retail pharmacists might work in small, independent pharmacies or in the pharmacy departments within grocery stores or larger retail establishments, filling and dispensing patients' medicines as prescribed by their doctors.
·  Pharmacy assistant - Assistant pharmacists work alongside licensed and pharmacist technicians to help process prescriptions.Assistants' duties are typically clerical and organizational in nature and might include answering phones, filling out and filing paperwork, running cash registers and stocking shelves.
·  Pharmacy aide - Pharmacy Aides are responsible for storing merchandise, maintaining inventory, and recording drugs delivered to the pharmacy. The key difference between pharmacy aides and pharmacy technicians is that aides are not allowed to dispense prescriptions. Instead, they spend most of their time operating cash registers and accepting prescription orders from customers.
·     In manufacturing - In a manufacturing environment a pharmacist would initially supervise one or more units (such as packaging or tablet manufacturing). The production pharmacist will also be responsible for the safety and health at work of their staff. He or she is expected to bring leadership to a group or department; this would include those individuals reporting directly to them as well as other groups.
·       Lab technician – many academic institutes require lab assistants or technicians to get help in the research or lab work so it is also a bright option.
So these are a few career options after diploma in pharmacy (D.Pharma) or you can study further and take a bachelors degree (B.Pharma) and explore more options.
AFTER B.Pharma
·      In QA department - QA department is to maintain an oversight function over Production, Analytical laboratory, Warehouse, Utilities/Water supply and the environment (hygiene)to assure that good manufacturing practices, good laboratory practices and good storage practices are in place.

·      In QC department - Quality control is an essential operation of the pharmaceutical industry. Drugs must be marketed as safe and therapeutically active formulations whose performance is consistent and predictable. New and better medicinal agents are being produced at an accelerated rate. At the same time more exacting and sophisticated analytical methods are being developed for their evaluation.
·    Academics – or you can also start as a lecturer in any diploma institute of pharmacy and help build the career of coming students.
·       In FDA - Pharmacists at the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) work in a variety of jobs at the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, including positions in the Office of Drug Safety, the Office of Generic and Orphan Drug Products, the Division of Drug Information, and the Division of Metabolic and Endocrine Drug Products.
·       In testing laboratory – also there is a bright scope of pharmacist in testing laboratories as trainees.
·       IPR - Intellectual property rights (IPR) is prerequisite for better identification, planning, commercialization, rendering, and thereby protection of invention or creativity. Each industry should evolve its own IPR policies, management style, strategies, and so on depending on its area of specialty. 
·       Clinical pharmacist - As a clinical pharmacist, your opportunities to be a leader are greatly expanding. All pharmacists are leaders in their everyday practices by successfully influencing the behavior of physicians, nurses, pharmacy technicians, interns, support staff, and others to enhance medication safety and optimize patient outcomes.
·       Bulk drug manufacturing and distribution - "Manufacturing" means the production, preparation, propagation, conversion or processing of a drug or device, either directly or indirectly, by large volume extraction from substances of natural origin, or independently by means of chemical or biological synthesis, and includes any packaging or repackaging of a substance or labeling or relabeling of its container, and the promotion and marketing of such drugs and devices. "Manufacturing" also includes the preparation and promotion of commercially available products from bulk compounds for resale by pharmacists to anyone other than a patient via a prescription, practitioners, or other persons. "Wholesaler" means a person with facilities in or outside this state who obtains drugs for distribution or delivery to persons other than consumers.
·       Pharmaceutical consultancy - A consultant pharmacist is a who works as a consultant providing expert advice on the use of medications or on the provision of pharmacy services to medical institutions, medical practices and individual patients.
After bachelors degree you have two options either to take a master degree or opt for management studies.
After B.Pharma + MBA/MMS
·       Management trainee in various departments of pharma industry.
·       Product executive -  same job role as a MR (discussed above under D.Pharma)
·       Product manager - sales job with a higher managerial post like – area sales manager, district sales manager, regional sales manager, etc.
·       Administrative manager – under this category you can make a career in hospital management or management of other administrative positions in pharmaceutical industries and institutions.
After M.Pharma
·       Academics – work as lecturer in degree pharmacy institutes and with experience or PhD can be promoted to assistant professor/associate professor/ professor.
·       In R&D – can work as JRF (junior research fellow) and then can be promoted to SRF (senior research fellow) within 2-3years of experience and then as scientist after completion of PhD.
·   \In formulation and manufacturing – senior positions of supervisors or head of the department can be achieved with prior experience.
·        In QA/QC – same as discussed in B.Pharm but getting a good position and good salary can be expected if you have some relevant experience.
·     In marketing/sales – yes after masters you can go into sales and with relevant experience you can also go into product management (PMT).
·  In regulatory affairs - Regulatory Affairs is involved in the development of new medicinal products from early on, by integrating regulatory principles and by preparing and submitting the relevant regulatory dossiers to health authorities. Regulatory Affairs is actively involved in every stage of development of a new medicine and in the post-marketing activities with authorised medicinal products.
Or after your masters you can move forward to PhD/doctoral/post doctoral studies and research work. And opt for careers such as scientist, senior positions in R&D and pharma industries.
So option are many and future is bright all you do is to choose the right career and make a start.

Reference › NCBI › Literature › PubMed Central (PMC)